ACE Inhibitors: What They Are and How They Work

ACE Inhibitors: What They Are and How They Work

ACE inhibitors are a type of medication prescribed to treat high blood pressure and heart failure. ACE inhibitors work by blocking the action of angiotensin-converting enzyme, which is responsible for narrowing the arteries and causing high blood pressure. In this blog post, we will discuss what ACE inhibitors are, how they work, and some of the common side effects associated with them.

What Are ACE Inhibitors?

What Are ACE Inhibitors?ACE inhibitors are a class of medications that are used to treat high blood pressure. They work by blocking the action of an enzyme called angiotensin-converting-enzyme, which is responsible for narrowing blood vessels. This helps to lower blood pressure and improve blood flow.

ACE inhibitors are typically prescribed when other methods of treatment, such as diet and lifestyle changes, have failed to lower blood pressure. They are also often used in people who have had a heart attack or stroke.

There are a number of different ACE inhibitors available, and they can be taken either as pills or injections. Some common ACE inhibitors include:

  • Captopril
  • Enalapril
  • Lisinopril
  • Ramipril

Now that you know a little bit more about ACE inhibitors, you may be wondering how they work. Let’s take a closer look.

How Do They Work?

How Do They Work?ACE inhibitors work by blocking the action of an enzyme called angiotensin-converting enzyme. This enzyme is responsible for narrowing blood vessels, which can lead to high blood pressure. By blocking this enzyme, ACE inhibitors help to improve blood flow and lower blood pressure. Step by step, here’s how they work:

  1. When the body senses that blood pressure is too high, it releases a hormone called angiotensin II.
  2. Angiotensin II signals the body to release another hormone called aldosterone, which helps to constrict blood vessels and raise blood pressure.
  3. ACE inhibitors block the action of angiotensin-converting enzyme, which prevents angiotensin II from being produced.
  4. Without angiotensin II, the body cannot produce aldosterone, and blood vessels remain relaxed. This leads to improved blood flow and lower blood pressure.

ACE inhibitors are typically taken once or twice a day. They can be taken with or without food. It is important to take them exactly as prescribed by your doctor. This will help to ensure that they are effective and minimize the risk of side effects.

If you miss a dose of an ACE inhibitor, you should take it as soon as possible. If it is almost time for your next dose, you should skip the missed dose and continue with your regular schedule. Do not take two doses of an ACE inhibitor at the same time. It will not make up for the missed dose and could cause serious side effects.

Benefits Of ACE Inhibitors

ACE inhibitors offer a number of benefits for people with high blood pressure. It is important to remember that these medications will only be effective if they are taken as prescribed. Some of the potential benefits of ACE inhibitors include:

Lower blood pressure

ACE inhibitors are very effective at lowering blood pressure. This can reduce the risk of serious health complications, such as heart attack and stroke. Lowering blood pressure can also improve your quality of life and make it easier to perform everyday activities.

Improve blood flow

Improve blood flowBlood flow is improved when ACE inhibitors lower blood pressure. This can help to reduce the risk of heart attack and stroke. It can also improve your overall energy level and help you to feel better. This is because more oxygen and nutrients are able to reach your organs and tissues.

Reduce the risk of heart attack

Heart attack and stroke are two of the most common complications of high blood pressure. By lowering blood pressure, ACE inhibitors can help to reduce the risk of these conditions. This is especially important in people who have already had a heart attack or stroke.

Improve kidney function

ACE inhibitors can also help to improve kidney function in people with high blood pressure. This is because they reduce the amount of work that the kidneys have to do. As a result, the kidneys are better able to filter waste from the blood.

There are a number of other potential benefits of ACE inhibitors, but these are some of the most common. If you have high blood pressure, talk to your doctor about whether an ACE inhibitor may be right for you.

Side Effects Of ACE Inhibitor

As we have seen, there are a number of potential benefits to taking this medication for lowering blood pressure. However, as with any medication, there is also the risk of side effects. The most common side effects of ACE inhibitors include:

Cough

Cough is a common side effect of ACE inhibitors. This is because they can cause a build-up of fluid in the lungs. If you have a cough that does not go away, or if it is accompanied by shortness of breath, you should contact your doctor. You may need to stop taking the medication or take a different one.

Headache

Headache is another common side effect of ACE inhibitors. The reason of headaches might be due to changes in blood pressure. If you have severe or frequent headaches, you should contact your doctor. They may be able to prescribe a different medication.

Dizziness

DizzinessDizziness is another possible side effect of ACE inhibitors. This may be caused by a drop in blood pressure when you stand up. If you feel dizzy, sit down and wait a few minutes before standing up. If the side effect persists, see your doctor immediately.

Nausea

Nausea is the feeling of sickness in the stomach. This side effect is not common, but it can occur. If you feel nauseous, try taking the medication with food or milk. You should also drink plenty of fluids. If the problem does not go away, contact your healthcare provider.

Allergic reactions

Allergic reactions to ACE inhibitors are rare but they can occur. Symptoms of an allergic reaction include itching, rash, and swelling of the face, lips, or tongue. These reactions are more common in people who have a history of allergies. If you have an allergic reaction, see your doctor immediately. You may also need to stop taking the medication.

Diarrhea

Diarrhea is another possible side effect of ACE inhibitors. It is defined as loose, watery stools. If you have diarrhea, drink plenty of fluids to prevent dehydration. You should also contact your doctor if the problem does not go away or if it is accompanied by a fever.

If you experience any of these side effects, you should contact your doctor. In most cases, they are mild and will go away on their own. However, if they are severe or persist, your doctor may recommend stopping the medication.

Conclusion

Overall, ACE inhibitors are a type of medication that can be used to treat various conditions. They work by inhibiting the ACE enzyme, which helps to lower blood pressure and improve heart function. If you think you may benefit from taking an ACE inhibitor, talk to your doctor about whether this is the right option for you.

Combining an ACE inhibitor with other medications, such as diuretics, can help to further lower blood pressure. You should also focus on lifestyle changes, such as eating a healthy diet and getting regular exercise. These changes can help to improve your overall health and well-being.

If you need more assistance, please check out Mantra Care. They have a variety of services to help you manage your health. You can avail of their hypertension treatment program which will help you keep your blood pressure in check and also provide tips on how to live a healthier life. You can also get in touch with our nutrition experts and expert dietitians through ourĀ online nutrition counseling, who can guide you through the process and help you achieve your fitness goals.

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