What Causes Diabetes: A Comprehensive Guide To Causes

What Causes Diabetes: A Comprehensive Guide To The Causes

What Is Diabetes?

What Is DiabetesDiabetes is a condition that affects the body’s ability to use glucose as an energy source. Diabetes is a condition that causes the body to have high levels of blood sugar, also known as glucose. This can be caused by a lack of insulin production or resistance in the cells due to an autoimmune response.

Those who suffer from diabetes are at risk for other health problems. These are including heart disease and blindness if not properly treated. People with diabetes need to take care of themselves. It is by eating healthy and exercising regularly in order to live a long life.

Signs Of Diabetes

There are several signs that may indicate someone is suffering from Type-I or Type-II diabetes which include:

The best way to know if you are diabetic is through testing your blood sugars regularly with medical tests such as AIC, FBS & HBAIC respectively over time while paying attention to any changes in symptoms.

What Causes Diabetes?

What Causes Diabetes?


These are some potential causes of diabetes:


This causes diabetes and it is a major factor that causes diabetes. This is because of the genes of people who have this disease.


InsulinThis is one of the reasons for what causes diabetes. But this is not for those with type two diabetes. It is because their bodies make insulin on their own. This means they do not need an outside source like medication or supplements. If you don’t eat properly your pancreas cannot create enough insulin. This may lead to many problems. These are such high blood glucose levels and eventually coma if left untreated  One in four adults will develop type 2 diabetes according to some research.


The older you are, the higher your risk of developing diabetes. Age plays a vital role in this disease. It affects old people more than it does younger people. The older you are the easier diabetes is for you to get. This is because of your age and lifestyle. This also includes your diet habits.


The environment around us can result in the development of diabetes due to poor eating habits. Environmental factors such as pollution and various chemicals can cause diabetes.


DietAccording to research, your diet is a major reason why you develop diabetes or not. It is important for you to look at what you eat and drink on a daily basis. This is because your habits could be causing this disease. This is one of the number one causes of blindness in adults and children.


Lack of exercise can increase your chances of developing type two diabetes. It can be by more than 50 percent according to some sources. This makes it an important factor that needs attention when thinking about how you live your lives each day. Exercise helps reduce weight which also affects insulin production levels. This is due to obesity being directly linked with the progression from prediabetes into full-blown type II diabetes.

Family History

Family History

Family history plays an important role. This is because genetics determine whether someone develops type one or two diabetes. It is according to some research done. In this case, family history is a major factor that plays an important role in developing diabetes.


According to some sources drugs like steroids can affect insulin production levels. This means they could be linked with the progression from prediabetes into full-blown type II diabetes. This is if you take too many steroids over time.


SmokingSmoking is very bad for your health in many ways. It can also cause or contribute to Type-II Diabetes. This is because smoking causes insulin resistance. This leads to increased risks of heart disease, stroke, cancer, and other diseases. These can affect blood flow throughout the body. These are including diabetic complications such as nerve damage (neuropathy), poor circulation in legs/feet causing infections leading to amputation, etc.


Stress can cause diabetes as well and it can cause the body to release stress hormones. These are such as cortisol. This makes cells resistant to insulin. This means the body does not use glucose for fuel.


CaffeineDrinking too much caffeine is also one of the causes of diabetes. It is especially if you already have an elevated risk of getting this disease or are diabetic. Caffeine intake affects pancreatic function. This makes it harder for the pancreas to produce enough insulin needed by your muscles and other tissues. This is in order to operate properly and their ability to uptake enough sugar from your bloodstream. This is so they can perform at full capacity.

High Blood Pressure

High blood pressure (hypertension) increases your chances of developing type II diabetes. It is because people with high blood pressure often develop cardiovascular complications. These are including heart disease which is a major risk factor for diabetes. High blood pressure also affects the function of insulin and damage small blood vessels. This can be due to high blood pressure can cause tissue death leading to amputation, etc.

Heavy Metal Toxicity

This includes exposure from smoking cigarettes that have been contaminated with heavy metals. Some examples are such as cadmium or arsenic, eating foods. These you can grow in polluted areas/areas. It is where fertilizers are used on crops containing heavy metals (e.g., pesticides). They’re being exposed at worksites where there has been a contamination. These are lead, mercury, or other toxic chemicals. These are often found in healthcare facilities. It is including offices of dentists who use silver amalgam fillings containing 50% mercury or more. Mercury becomes a toxin when it gets into your body. This can cause cell death and damages to the DNA/RNA of cells. It is throughout your body, which can cause many problems. These are including some chronic health conditions such as diabetes.

Food Intolerance

Food IntoleranceFoods you are intolerant to may also contribute to developing Type-II Diabetes. It is especially if they give rise to inflammation in the digestive system or elsewhere in the body. This may lead to metabolic changes that affect how insulin operates. This is a very underdiagnosed condition with most doctors do not know about it. A lot more research should be there on this process. Sometimes eliminating these foods from one’s diet can help get rid of high blood sugar levels. It also helps people with diabetes type II.


Being obese especially if you carry excess fat around your middle increases your chances of developing Type-II Diabetes. This is because this condition affects how insulin works within the body. This may lead to elevated blood sugar levels. It is when there is too much glucose builds up. This leads to an increased risk for cardiovascular disease, hypertension, stroke, etc. Obese people often develop metabolic syndrome. These include many risk factors. Some of these are such as obesity itself. It is along with having high cholesterol and triglycerides. It is while also showing signs of insulin resistance all at once.

Potential Risks of Diabetes

Potential Risks of Diabetes

These are some potential risks for diabetes:

Pancreas Injury

Injuries in the pancreas can be a potential risk factor for diabetes. This is because the pancreas is responsible for insulin secretion. If it gets injured, then this will lead to loss of its function and thus diabetes may occur.

Insulin Resistance

Insulin resistance can also be a potential risk factor of diabetes if not diagnosed early on. In cases where there are high levels of glucose in the blood that cannot get absorbed into muscles or fat cells due to insulin resistance, the body needs more insulin production from beta cells. This is in order to help absorb these sugars. This results in an increased number of beta-cell receptors. However, after some time when all the capacity has been reached by beta cells, they start losing their function.  This leads to the destruction of pancreatic tissue. It eventually results in type-I diabetes.


Due to PCOD, ovaries start producing androgens in high amounts which sometimes leads to insulin resistance. This is because excess androgen production inhibits the release of sex hormones, LH and FSH. This results in decreased levels of estrogen along with increased testosterone causing PCOS.

Kidney Disease

Diabetes can damage kidneys over time increasing its risk factor for kidney disease as well. Other than that, if your diabetes remains untreated or uncontrolled then it may result in chronic renal failure requiring you to get transplantation done on your kidneys sooner or later.

Problems during Pregnancy

If signs of gestational diabetes are found at an early stage then this might pose problems during pregnancy such as macrosomia (larger-than-normal birth weight stillbirths, preeclampsia, miscarriage, stillbirths).

Head Injury

Diabetes can be a potential risk factor for a head injury. This is because during the course of diabetes mellitus one’s nervous system may get damaged due to which blood flow in the brain gets decreased resulting in poor cognitive function and thus increasing chances of getting into accidents or mishaps more easily causing injuries to the head.

Heart Disease Risk Factor

There are high risks associated with heart diseases when it comes to people suffering from type-I or type-II diabetes. These include hypertension, obesity/overweight leading to increased cholesterol levels, etc., all these factors contribute towards exacerbating diabetic complications over time making them harder for you to treat in later stages than too without any side effects since most medications for diabetes are not well-tolerated.

Psychological Damage

When people with type-I or type-II diabetes do not control their blood sugar levels over time, they may end up developing neuropathy. This is in turn can lead to psychological damage. These are such as depression and anxiety. It is due to the changes occurring within your brain cells. It signals them to make you feel more stressed than normal. This affects other body parts too like the digestive system, etc., leading to further complications.

Treatment of Diabetes

Diabetes has no cure because there is no way for scientists to restore beta cells. Some diseases often destroy these cells. Doctors can also treat this by surgery.

The primary goal of diabetes treatment is to reduce the blood sugar level as much as possible. Another aim is to maintain it within a normal range. You can control diabetes. Modern medicine allows diabetics to control their condition successfully through regular check-ups and correct use of expensive drugs, etc. The other way to control is with diet, exercise, insulin injections (a very small number of people)

Keeping a healthy lifestyle also contributes greatly to success in controlling this chronic disorder, which affects millions around the world.


Diabetes and hyperglycemia are a result of many different factors. For example, genetics, obesity, lack of physical activity, or a high-sugar diet are all risk factors for developing type 2 diabetes. The best way to prevent the development of this disease is through lifestyle changes. These are such as eating healthy foods in moderation and exercising regularly. If you have been diagnosed with diabetes it is important that you continue your health routine. This is even if there may not be an immediate change in symptoms. It is because having good blood sugar control will help protect against complications from this chronic condition. This blog has given you information about what causes diabetes so hopefully, now you know how to take care of yourself better.

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