Major Depressive Disorder: Everything You Need to Know

Major Depressive Disorder: Everything You Need to Know

Do you know someone who suffers from major depressive disorder? If so, then you know that it can be a debilitating condition. In this blog post, we will discuss everything you need to know about major depressive disorder. We will cover the symptoms, treatment options, and ways to support someone who is struggling with this condition.

What Is Major Depressive Disorder?

What Is Major Depressive Disorder?Major depressive disorder is defined as a mood disorder that causes a persistent feeling of sadness and loss of interest. It affects how you feel, think, and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems. You may have trouble doing normal day-to-day activities, and sometimes you may feel as though life isn’t worth living.

Major depressive disorder is not a weakness and you can’t simply “snap out” of it. It requires long-term treatment. Moreover, the condition is often recurrent, so even if you feel better, you may still experience episodes of depression throughout your life.

Research suggests that this condition usually occurs in response to certain triggers. However, it’s important to note that not everyone who experiences these triggers will develop a major depressive disorder. Additionally, some people may develop the condition without any identifiable trigger. So, the condition is really tough and can happen to anyone, even if they seem to have a great life.

Other Types Of Depression

As people are aware, depression is not a one size fits all illness. There are different types of depression that people experience. Major depressive disorder is just one type of depression. Other types include:

These types of depression are all unique and require different types of treatment. It is important to be aware of the different types so that you can get the help that you need. Moreover, it is essential to understand that you are not alone in this battle.

Depression is a very real and serious illness that should not be taken lightly. There are many people who suffer from depression and there is help available. If you or someone you know is struggling with depression, please reach out for help.

What Are The Symptoms Of Major Depressive Disorder?

What Are The Symptoms Of Major Depressive Disorder?The symptoms of major depressive disorder can vary from person to person. However, there are some common symptoms that most people with this condition will experience. These include:

  • Persistent feelings of sadness or emptiness
  • Loss of interest in activities that used to bring joy
  • Fatigue or decreased energy levels
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Changes in appetite or weight
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Irritability or restlessness
  • Feelings of worthlessness or hopelessness
  • Thoughts of death or suicide

These symptoms are really only depression if they last for two weeks or more and significantly interfere with day-to-day life. It’s also important to note that not everyone who experiences these symptoms will be diagnosed with major depressive disorder.

Some people may only experience them during difficult life circumstances. However, if you are a parent then you should be aware of some symptoms of MDD in teens since they may be more prone to developing the disorder. These include:

  • Problems at school
  • Isolation from friends or activities they used to enjoy
  • Loss of interest in dating or sex
  • Increased irritability or angry outbursts
  • Use of drugs or alcohol

As a parent, it’s important to be supportive and understanding if your teen is going through a tough time. If you’re concerned about their mental health, however, don’t hesitate to reach out to a professional for help.

What Causes Major Depressive Disorder?

The cause of major depressive disorder is not fully understood. However, it is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic, biological, environmental, and psychological factors.


The cause of this disorder can be traced to a person’s genes. Studies of twins have shown that if one identical twin has the disorder, the other twin has a 70 percent chance of also developing the disorder. However, not everyone with a family member who has MDD will develop the disorder themselves. But, it does increase the likelihood.


Changes in the brain’s structure and function may play a role in the development of MDD. For example, people with MDD may have changes in their levels of neurotransmitters (chemicals that carry messages between nerve cells). These changes can make it hard for them to regulate their moods.


EnvironmentalThere are a number of environmental factors that can contribute to the development of MDD. These include:

  • exposure to traumatic or stressful events, such as the death of a loved one, abuse, or poverty
  • having a history of mental health problems in the family
  • being exposed to long-term stress, such as caring for a sick family member


There are also a number of psychological factors that can contribute to MDD. These include:

  • low self-esteem
  • perfectionism
  • unrealistic expectations
  • feeling like you’re never good enough

These psychological factors are thought to interact with the other causes to trigger the development of MDD. For example, if someone always feels low self-esteem, they may be more likely to develop MDD after exposure to a stressful event.

Other Causes

When it comes to causes, there are a number of other factors that can play a role in the development of MDD. These include:

Consequently, it can be difficult to pinpoint the exact cause of MDD. It is likely that there are a number of factors involved in its development. However, it is important to understand the right treatment for you.

So, these are some causes of major depressive disorder. If you or someone you know is struggling with MDD, please reach out for help. There are a number of resources available. You just need to reach out and ask for help. Remember, you are not alone.

How To Diagnose MDD?

How To Diagnose MDD?Diagnosis for MDD generally requires that a person experience five or more symptoms of depression for at least two weeks. These symptoms must include either a depressed mood or a loss of interest or pleasure in activities. And must cause clinically significant distress or impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning.

In addition to the above criteria, at least one of the following must also be present:

  • Depressed mood most of the day, nearly every day, as indicated by either subjective account or observation by others.
  • Markedly diminished interest or pleasure in all, or almost all activities most of the day, nearly every day.
  • Significant weight loss when not dieting or weight gain, or decrease or increase in appetite nearly every day.
  • Insomnia or hypersomnia nearly every day.
  • Psychomotor agitation or retardation nearly every day.
  • Fatigue or loss of energy nearly every day.
  • Feelings of worthlessness, excessive, or inappropriate guilt almost every day.
  • Diminished ability to think, concentrate, or make decisions nearly every day.
  • Recurrent thoughts of death, and recurrent suicidal ideation without a specific plan.

These are just a few of the symptoms associated with MDD. If you or someone you know is experiencing any of these symptoms, it’s important to seek professional help.

MDD is a treatable condition, but only if it’s properly diagnosed and treated. If you think you may be suffering from MDD, please reach out to a mental health professional for the right diagnosis.

How To Treat Major Depressive Disorder?

The treatment for major depressive disorder can vary from person to person. Because people with this disorder experience different symptoms, and severity levels. So, the type of treatment that will work best for each individual can vary as well.

Here are some treatment options for major depressive disorder:


This is often the first line of treatment for major depressive disorder. Antidepressants can help to improve mood and relieve symptoms. It’s important to work with a psychiatrist or other mental health professional to find the right medication. And, to make sure that it’s working properly. However, here are some of the most common types of antidepressants:

  • SSRIs (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors)
  • SNRIs (serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors)
  • MAOIs (monoamine oxidase inhibitors)
  • Tricyclic antidepressants
  • Atypical antidepressants
  • Lithium

There are numerous types of medications that are believed to help with major depressive disorder. But, more research is needed to confirm their effectiveness. However, some people do find that these medications help to improve their symptoms.

Herbal Supplements

Herbal SupplementsThese days, more and more people are turning to herbal supplements to help with their health. This includes those who are dealing with major depressive disorder. St. John’s wort is one of the most common herbal supplements that people take for this condition.

It’s important to speak with a doctor before taking any type of supplement. This is because they can interact with other medications. And, they may not be safe for everyone. Still, here are some of the examples of herbal supplements that people take for major depressive disorder:

This is just a brief overview of some herbal supplements that people take for major depressive disorder. Speak with a doctor before taking any type of supplement.


It is often an option for those who are dealing with major depressive disorder. Therapy can help people to understand their condition. And, it can teach them how to deal with their symptoms in a healthy way. There are many different types of therapy. So, it’s important to find one that’s right for you.

Here are some examples of therapy:

These therapies are just a few examples of what’s available. And, there are many more options out there. So, it’s important to find a therapist that you trust. And, one that you feel comfortable with. If you are unable to find the right therapist, just contact Mantra Care. It is a platform that will help to connect you with the right provider for your needs.

Mantra Care has a team of compassionate and knowledgeable mental health professionals. They will work with you to find the best treatment for your needs. So, don’t wait any longer, book your free consultation today.

Lifestyle Changes

When you are suffering from a mental health disorder, it is important to make sure that you are taking care of yourself. This means working on your lifestyle and making sure that you are living a healthy life. These changes generally include certain things, such as:

Making these changes can be incredibly difficult, but they are important in order to help you manage your depression. In addition to making lifestyle changes, there are also some things that you can do to help yourself feel better on a day-to-day basis. These things include:

  • Reach out to your support system
  • Engage in activities that make you happy
  • Take some time for yourself each day
  • Find a creative outlet
  • Practice self-compassion

So, these are just a few things that you should know about the major depressive disorder. If you or someone you know is suffering from depression, it is important to seek professional help. With these treatment options and healthy tips, you will definitely be on your way to feeling better.

What Is The Outlook For People With MDD?

What Is People's Outlook For Person With MDD?In general, people’s outlook on a person with any mental health disorder is not good. The reason for this is that mental health disorders are seen as something that a person can’t help. This means that people see those with MDD as weak and lacking in willpower. As a result, they often don’t believe that someone with MDD can recover.

However, there is some hope. While it’s true that MDD can be a very serious disorder, it is also treatable. With the right treatment, most people with MDD can recover and live happy, healthy lives.

Moreover, the outlook majorly indicates the stigma and discrimination against mental illness. It is essential to understand that a person with MDD is not weak and can get better with the right treatment. In fact, if you are someone with MDD, know that you are not alone. There are many people who understand what you’re going through and can help you get better.

You should talk to your doctor about treatment options if you think you may have MDD. And then follow their guidance. Eventually, you will see the light at the end of the tunnel. Everything will get better. Hence, there is always hope for people with MDD. So, don’t give up!


To conclude, major depressive disorder is a condition that should not be taken lightly. If you or someone you know is suffering from depression, it is important to seek professional help. Depression is a treatable condition, but it requires proper diagnosis and treatment. In fact, major depressive disorder is one of the most treatable mental disorders.

With proper treatment, up to 80 percent of people with depression will experience significant improvement in their symptoms. If you or someone you know is struggling with depression, there is hope. Also, keep in mind that you are not alone. Millions of people suffer from depression each year, but with proper treatment, they can get better. So, don’t hesitate to seek help.

A Word From Mantra Care

Your mental health — your psychological, emotional, and social well-being — has an impact on every aspect of your life. Positive mental health essentially allows you to effectively deal with life’s everyday challenges.

At Mantra Care, we have a team of therapists who provide affordable online therapy to assist you with issues such as depression, anxiety, stress, relationship, OCD, LGBTQ, and PTSD. You can take our mental health test. You can also book a free therapy or download our free Android or iOS app.

Try MantraCare Wellness Program free

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