Anxiety can be caused by many things, including life changes, stress, and genetics. But did you know that anxiety can also be caused by hormonal changes? This is known as hormonal anxiety. In this blog post, we will discuss the signs and symptoms of hormonal anxiety, as well as the treatments available. We will also provide tips for managing hormonal anxiety.
- 1 Defining Hormonal Anxiety
- 2 Signs and Symptoms
- 3 Causes Of Hormonal Anxiety
- 4 Which Hormones Cause Anxiety?
- 5 Effects On Daily Life
- 6 Treatments For Hormonal Anxiety
- 7 Conclusion
- 8 A Word From Mantra Care
Defining Hormonal Anxiety
Hormonal anxiety is a type of anxiety that is caused by hormonal changes. It can occur during puberty, pregnancy, menopause, and perimenopause. Hormonal anxiety can also be caused by the use of birth control pills or other hormone-based medications.
This type of anxiety can be mild, moderate, or severe. It can also be short-lived or long-lasting. Hormonal anxiety is different from other types of anxiety because it is often accompanied by physical symptoms, such as fatigue, hot flashes, and weight gain.
Signs and Symptoms
There are several signs and symptoms associated with hormonal anxiety. These include:
- Feelings of anxiety, worry, or panic
- Mood swings
- Appetite issues
- Dry mouth
- Fluctuations in libido
- Hot flashes
- Tightness in the chest or throat
- Difficulty concentrating
- Heart palpitations
Most of these manifest as physical symptoms as the hormones have a direct link with our body’s primary functions such as breathing, sleeping, eating, etc.
Causes Of Hormonal Anxiety
Several things can cause hormonal anxiety. These include:
Genetic factors: If you have a family history of anxiety, you may be more likely to experience hormonal anxiety.
Stress: Stressful life events can trigger anxiety. Stress releases hormones that can cause anxiety.
Puberty: Puberty is a time of great change for the body, and these changes can trigger anxiety.
Pregnancy: Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause anxiety. This is especially true during the first trimester.
Menopause: Menopause is a time of great hormonal change for women. These changes can cause anxiety.
Perimenopause: Perimenopause is the time leading up to menopause. It is characterized by fluctuations in hormone levels. These fluctuations can cause anxiety-like symptoms.
Birth control pills: Birth control pills contain hormones that can cause anxiety and related symptoms.
Other hormone-based medications: Other medications that contain hormones, such as hormone replacement therapy, can contribute to anxiety and similar conditions.
An individual may develop anxiety due to one or multiple of these reasons.
Which Hormones Cause Anxiety?
Several hormones can cause anxiety. These include:
Cortisol: Cortisol is a stress hormone. It is released in response to stress. Cortisol can cause anxiety, irritability, and mood swings.
Adrenaline: Adrenaline is another stress hormone. It is released in response to danger or fear. Adrenaline can cause anxiety, heart palpitations, and sweating.
Estrogen: Estrogen levels fluctuate during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause. These fluctuations can cause anxiety.
Progesterone: Progesterone levels also fluctuate during puberty, pregnancy, and menopause. These fluctuations can cause anxiety and mood swings.
Thyroid: The thyroid is a gland that produces hormones. Thyroid problems can cause anxiety, fatigue, and also difficulty concentrating.
Oxytocin: Oxytocin is a hormone that is released during pregnancy and childbirth. It can cause anxiety and irritability.
Vasopressin: Vasopressin is a hormone that is released in response to stress. It can cause anxiety and irritability.
Effects On Daily Life
Hormonal anxiety can have a significant impact on daily life.
- It can interfere with work, school, and relationships.
- Hormonal anxiety can also lead to avoidance of situations that trigger anxiety. This can make it difficult to participate in activities that you enjoy.
- It also is difficult to get proper rest when you’re anxious. This can lead to fatigue and further anxiety.
- Anxiety can also harm physical health. It can contribute to gastrointestinal problems, headaches, and also difficulty sleeping.
- If not taken seriously, it can even lead to life-threatening disorders like heart disease and stroke.
Hormonal anxiety is a real and serious condition that should not be ignored. If you think you may be suffering from hormonal anxiety, please see a doctor or mental health professional. There are treatments available that can help.
Treatments For Hormonal Anxiety
While this condition has no permanent cure, there are various ways by which one can manage and also reduce the effects of the disorder’s symptoms.
There are several types of medication that can be used to treat anxiety. They help to reduce the symptoms of anxiety by changing the way the brain works.
Some of the most common types of medication used to treat anxiety are:
- Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs): SSRIs are a type of antidepressant. They work by increasing levels of serotonin in the brain. Serotonin is a neurotransmitter that helps to regulate mood.
Examples of SSRIs include fluoxetine (Prozac), sertraline (Zoloft), and paroxetine (Paxil).
- Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs): SNRIs are another type of antidepressant. They work by increasing levels of both serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain. Norepinephrine is a neurotransmitter that helps to regulate mood and anxiety.
Examples of SNRIs include venlafaxine (Effexor) and duloxetine (Cymbalta).
- Benzodiazepines: Benzodiazepines are a type of medication that is used to treat anxiety. They work by reducing the activity of the nervous system.
Examples of benzodiazepines include alprazolam (Xanax), clonazepam (Klonopin), and diazepam (Valium).
- Beta-blockers: Beta-blockers are a type of medication that is used to treat anxiety. They work by blocking the effects of adrenaline. Adrenaline is a hormone that is released in response to stress.
Examples of beta-blockers include propranolol (Inderal) and metoprolol (Lopressor).
Anxiety can be a difficult condition to live with, but there are treatments available that can help. If you think you may be suffering from anxiety, please see a doctor or mental health professional. With treatment, you can further learn to manage your anxiety and live a healthy and happy life.
Hormonal Replacement Therapy (HRT)
Hormonal replacement therapy (HRT) is a treatment that helps to relieve the symptoms of menopause. HRT can also be used to treat anxiety caused by fluctuations in hormone levels.
HRT involves taking medication to replace the hormones that are no longer being produced by the body. The type of medication as well as the dosage will be determined by a doctor.
This procedure helps anxiety by stabilizing hormone levels. This can further help to reduce the symptoms of anxiety.
HRT is a safe as well as very effective treatment for anxiety caused by hormonal fluctuations. If you think you may be suffering from hormonal anxiety, please see a doctor or mental health professional.
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT)
Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of therapy that is used to treat anxiety. CBT works by helping people to change the way they think about and respond to anxiety-provoking situations.
CBT can help you to:
- Identify and challenge negative thoughts and beliefs about anxiety
- Learn new and healthy ways of coping with anxiety-provoking situations
- Reduce your avoidance of situations that trigger anxiety
- Increase your participation in activities that you enjoy
CBT is usually conducted by a trained therapist. It can be done in individual or even group settings.
There are also lifestyle changes that can help to reduce anxiety. These include:
- Exercise: Exercise can help to reduce the symptoms of anxiety by reducing stress and improving mood.
- Limit screen time: Too much time spent on screens can increase anxiety and also make it difficult to sleep.
- Spend time outside: Being in nature can help to reduce stress and improve mood.
- Reduce caffeine intake: Caffeine can increase anxiety and make it difficult to sleep.
- Manage stress: Stress can trigger or worsen anxiety. Learning how to manage stress can help to reduce anxiety.
- Relaxation techniques: Relaxation techniques such as yoga, meditation, and deep breathing can help to reduce anxiety.
- Healthy diet: Eating a healthy diet can help to improve mood and also reduce stress.
- Sleep: Getting enough sleep is important for overall health as well as well-being.
Making lifestyle changes can be difficult, but they are worth it. These changes can help to reduce anxiety and improve your quality of life.
In conclusion, hormonal anxiety is a real and treatable condition. If you think you may be suffering from anxiety, please see a doctor or mental health professional. With treatment, you can learn to manage your anxiety and live a healthy and happy life. There are many different treatments for anxiety, including medication, therapy, lifestyle changes, and hormonal replacement therapy. Different treatments work for different people. Talk to your doctor about what treatment options are available to you.
Mantra Care’s team of expert mental health professionals provides pocket-friendly and effective guidance and help for various mental health issues from all across the globe. Contact us to book your session and begin your wellness journey with us today!
A Word From Mantra Care
Your mental health — your psychological, emotional, and social well-being — has an impact on every aspect of your life. Positive mental health essentially allows you to effectively deal with life’s everyday challenges.
At Mantra Care, we have a team of therapists who provide affordable online therapy to assist you with issues such as depression, anxiety, stress, relationship, OCD, LGBTQ, and PTSD. You can take our mental health test. You can also book a free therapy or download our free Android or iOS app.