Did you know that there is a correlation between anxiety and ADHD? In fact, many people who have ADHD also suffer from anxiety. If you are one of those people, it is important to understand the relationship between these two conditions and how they affect your life. In this blog post, we will discuss the link between ADHD and anxiety and provide some tips for managing both conditions.
- 1 Defining Anxiety And ADHD
- 2 Symptoms Of Anxiety And ADHD
- 3 Relationship Between Anxiety And ADHD
- 4 How To Diagnose?
- 5 Treatment Options
- 6 Conclusion
- 7 A Word From Mantra Care
Defining Anxiety And ADHD
Anxiety and ADHD are both disorders that can cause significant impairment in daily functioning. ADHD is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by problems with executive functioning, including difficulties with self-regulation, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. This is usually diagnosed in childhood, though it can sometimes persist into adulthood.
Anxiety disorders, on the other hand, are characterized by excessive worry and fearfulness. Anxiety can manifest in a variety of different ways, including generalized anxiety disorder, social anxiety disorder, and panic disorder. While both anxiety and ADHD can be debilitating, they often co-occur. In fact, research suggests that up to 60% of people with ADHD also have an anxiety disorder.
However, despite the high rate of comorbidity, there is still a lot of confusion about the relationship between anxiety and ADHD. So, it is essential to understand how these two disorders interact.
Symptoms Of Anxiety And ADHD
The signs and symptoms of anxiety and ADHD can look very similar. Both conditions can cause:
- Trouble focusing
- Difficulty completing tasks
- Problems with organization
- Anxiety or worry
- Irritability or moodiness
It can be difficult to tell the difference between the two conditions, but there are some key differences. ADHD is a chronic condition that can cause problems with focus and self-control from early childhood. Anxiety, on the other hand, is a normal emotion that everyone experiences at times. It becomes a problem when it’s excessive, persistent, and interferes with daily life.
One of the most important things to remember is that anxiety and ADHD are both treatable. If you or your child is struggling with either condition, talk to a mental health professional. With treatment, it’s possible to manage symptoms and live a healthy, happy life.
Relationship Between Anxiety And ADHD
The relationship between these two conditions is complicated. On one hand, it’s believed that ADHD can lead to anxiety. This is because people with ADHD often have difficulty concentrating, which can lead to feeling overwhelmed and anxious. On the other hand, anxiety can also worsen symptoms of ADHD. This is because anxiety can interfere with a person’s ability to focus and concentrate.
It’s important to remember that not everyone who has ADHD will also have anxiety and vice versa. However, both conditions share some similarities and differences too.
Here are some of the similarities between the anxiety and ADHD:
- Both cause problems with focus and concentration
- Interfere with everyday life
- Both can lead to feeling overwhelmed or stressed
- Can cause problems with sleeping
The similarities between the two conditions can make it difficult to distinguish between them. In fact, it is also believed that some people may be misdiagnosed with one condition when they actually have the other. It happens due to the common symptoms between anxiety and ADHD.
There are numerous differences between anxiety and ADHD as well. These include:
- Anxiety is often characterized by a fear of something. Whereas ADHD does not typically involve fear.
- People with anxiety often avoid situations that make them feel anxious. Whereas people with ADHD may actually seek out stimulation.
- Anxiety is more common in adults. Whereas ADHD is more common in children.
- Anxiety typically comes on gradually. Whereas ADHD is often present from a young age.
The differences are usually what help doctors to diagnose one condition over the other. And, anxiety and ADHD comprise a large part of the diagnosis process.
There are a number of theories about why anxiety and ADHD so often go hand-in-hand.
- One theory is that because people with ADHD often have difficulty regulating their emotions, they are more susceptible to anxiety.
- Another theory is that the impulsivity associated with ADHD can lead to anxiety-provoking behaviors. Such as taking risks without thinking through the consequences.
The theories about anxiety and ADHD are still being explored. However, there is one thing that experts agree on. Having both anxiety and ADHD can be very challenging. In fact, it is believed that the medication for ADHD can be a difficult task. The most common medications used to treat ADHD are stimulants. These can actually make anxiety worse.
If you or someone you know has symptoms of both conditions, it’s important to seek professional help. A mental health professional can assess your symptoms and provide you with a diagnosis and treatment plan. Left untreated, both conditions can lead to serious problems. So, don’t wait to get help.
How To Diagnose?
Diagnosis of ADHD usually follows these steps:
- The first step is to visit a doctor or mental health professional. They will ask about your symptoms and how they’ve impacted your life.
- They will also ask if you have any other conditions, such as anxiety or depression.
- You may also be asked to fill out a questionnaire about your symptoms.
- Your doctor may also ask you to keep a symptoms journal to track your symptoms over time.
After ruling out other conditions, your doctor may diagnose you with ADHD if you have:
- inattention, and/or a combination of these symptoms.
Diagnosis for such conditions is done through clinical observation. This means that a doctor will watch you closely to see if you have the symptoms they’re looking for.
They will also ask about your medical history and whether there’s a family history of ADHD or other mental health conditions. Your doctor may also order tests, such as brain imaging scans, to rule out other conditions. So, after these steps, if you are diagnosed with ADHD, seek help.
Treatment is necessary when the symptoms of anxiety and ADHD are disrupting daily life. The most commonly prescribed treatment options for both conditions are:
Medications are the most common type of treatment for ADHD. They can help improve focus, concentration, and impulsivity. Moreover, stimulants play an important role in treating anxiety disorders. Some examples of stimulants are:
These medications work by affecting the levels of certain chemicals in the brain, such as dopamine and norepinephrine. Moreover, it is important to discuss any potential side effects of medication with your doctor.
These drugs are not as commonly prescribed as stimulants, but they can be just as effective. They help to improve focus and impulsivity, but they don’t have the same effect on anxiety symptoms. However, the medications listed below have been known to help with anxiety:
- Intuniv, and
These examples are just a few of the options available to those struggling with anxiety and ADHD. If you think you may have either of these conditions, it’s important to talk to a doctor or mental health professional about your symptoms and treatment options.
It is the most common type of treatment for anxiety disorders. It can be done in a group or one-on-one with a therapist. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most effective form of therapy for anxiety. CBT helps people to understand and change the thoughts and behaviors that contribute to their anxiety.
Exposure therapy is another type of effective therapy for anxiety disorders. This type of therapy helps people face their fears in a safe and controlled environment.
Both therapies are believed to be effective in treating ADHD as well. In fact, studies suggest that a combination of medication and therapy is the most effective treatment option for people with ADHD. More often CBT and ERP are used to help with the impulsivity and inattention symptoms of ADHD.
Another option for treatment is to join a support group. This can be an effective way to share your experiences with others who are going through similar struggles. It can also help you to feel less alone and more supported in your recovery. The support groups are believed to help in the following ways:
- Reduce social isolation
- Increase self-esteem
- Provide emotional support
- Give practical information
Support groups are not for everyone, but they can be a helpful addition to other forms of treatment. In fact, some people find that support groups are more helpful than therapy. It’s important to work with a doctor or mental health professional to find the right treatment plan for you.
Certain lifestyle changes can also help to reduce the symptoms of anxiety and ADHD. These include:
Eating a healthy diet: It is important to eat a balanced diet that includes plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Even, a healthy diet can have a long-lasting impact on your daily life. So, overall, it serves numerous benefits
Getting exercise: Exercise can help to improve focus, concentration, and energy levels. It can also help to reduce stress and anxiety. Practicing daily exercise makes you feel energize and active. And, this helps you to improve your anxiety symptoms.
Getting enough sleep: Sleep is important for overall health and well-being. It can also help to improve focus and concentration. In fact, 7-8 hours of sleep is recommended by experts and professionals, as this calms your mind, and helps you to focus on new things on a new day.
Reducing stress: Stress can make symptoms worse. It is important to find healthy ways to cope with stress, such as exercise, relaxation techniques, and support groups. Reducing stress is of utmost importance as this is the primary cause of mental disorders.
Practice relaxation techniques: The techniques to try include yoga, meditation, and deep breathing exercises. It works by slowing down the heart rate and breathing, which can help to reduce stress and anxiety.
Keep a journal: Journaling is always a good idea to help you track your thoughts and feelings. It can be helpful to look back on when you’re feeling overwhelmed or stressed. You can try numerous ways to style your writing or just write whatever comes to your mind.
Avoiding alcohol and drugs: Drugs and alcohol can make anxiety and ADHD symptoms worse. They can also lead to addiction and other health problems.
Making these changes can help to improve symptoms and increase overall well-being. If you’re struggling to make lifestyle changes on your own, talk to a doctor or mental health professional for help. Moreover, lifestyle changes are more likely to be successful when they’re part of a larger treatment plan that includes medication and/or therapy.
To conclude, anxiety and ADHD are two conditions that are often comorbid. While there is no known cure for either condition. But both can be managed through a combination of medication and therapy. Moreover, the condition can co-occur and need to be addressed as such. With the right treatment, people with anxiety and ADHD can live happy and fulfilling lives.
However, it’s important to remember that each person is unique and will respond to treatment in their own way. If you or a loved one are struggling with anxiety and ADHD, it’s important to seek professional help. A qualified mental health professional can help you develop a treatment plan that meets your needs. Hence, do not wait and get the help you need today!
To choose the right therapist and right help for your condition, you can contact Mantra Care. It is a platform that provides online mental health services around the globe. Book your free consultation today to learn more!
A Word From Mantra Care
Your mental health — your psychological, emotional, and social well-being — has an impact on every aspect of your life. Positive mental health essentially allows you to effectively deal with life’s everyday challenges.
At Mantra Care, we have a team of therapists who provide affordable online therapy to assist you with issues such as depression, anxiety, stress, relationship, OCD, LGBTQ, and PTSD. You can take our mental health test. You can also book a free therapy or download our free Android or iOS app.