The History of DSM: Who Created It and What Is The Difference Between DSM-IV and DSM-5?

dsm 5

The DSM is a long and interesting history. The first one was published in 1952. There are many important meanings of the DSM, so it is an important book for psychologists. When I was in school, I learned about the DSM-IV. But now there is a new one that we name as DSM-5 because of World War II.

What is DSM?

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders

DSM is short for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. The American Psychiatric Association (APA) published this in 1952. They are a group of psychiatrists with many members, and they are very famous. The APA created this book to standardize psychiatric diagnoses and keep track of mental health issues such as post-traumatic stress disorder, schizophrenia, and other mental disorders. The DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) is not under the influence of scientific evidence. It only has psychiatric diagnoses that experienced psychiatrists or psychologists came up with. World War II was at the end of 1945. But psychiatry started in 1844 when Drs. Morell Mackenzie and William Sweetser founded The American Journal of Insanity. They later changed its name to the American Journal of Psychiatry).

To conclude, many people use this book every day along with ICD of which WHO is the publisher. Both books work together similarly to how one plus one equals two.

What is DSM- IV?

In 1994, the American Psychological Association released their fourth edition which included PTSD and other mental health issues. The DSM-IV is different than the previous editions because it also focused on statistical information about mental disorders.

What is DSM-V?

The latest edition of the Diagnostic & Statistical Manual was released in May 2013. Some changes to autism symptoms and visualizations were controversial including Binge Eating Disorder, PTSD, ADHD, Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders, Asperger’s Syndrome, Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder in preschoolers. Using old books can be helpful or it can cause trouble. Psychiatrists and psychologists use the older DSM IV that came out 20 years ago.

DSM IV vs. DSM 5: What is The Difference? 

DSM IV vs. DSM 5

The published DSM IV was released in 1994 and the newest one, the DSM-V has just been released. There are many differences between these two books because they were created 20 years apart from each other. Some of the changes to autism symptoms and visualizations include autism symptoms and how often they need to show up before someone can get a diagnosis. They added new disorders in this update. They are called Binge Eating Disorder, PTSD (Posttraumatic Stress Disorder), ADHD (Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder), Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorders, Asperger’s Syndrome, and Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder in preschoolers. This book can be very helpful or it can cause a lot of trouble. And many psychiatrists and psychologists still use the older DSM IV. In conclusion, I believe that everyone should read both books because they are very helpful!

How is ICD different from DSM?

ICD stands for International Statistical Classification of Diseases, which the World Health Organization (WHO) created. This website has codes for all diseases. It can be used no matter what language you speak so that people will know what they have and can get help. This book does not have an overview of how one condition may be different between countries. Although, there are many similarities. For example, it talks about how many people die every year. But now, WHO has included nonfatal disabilities in its global program too. These books are very important because doctors need to know what patients have, so they can help them.

DSM History: Who Created It?

The history of the Diagnostic & Statistical Manual (DSM) is a long one. In 1952, the American Psychiatric Association (APA) published its first version that they named ‘Diagnostic and Statistical Manual: Mental Disorders. This was primarily dependent on psychiatric diagnoses that the experienced psychiatrists or psychologists created. At this time in the history of DSM, World War II ended but psychiatry started back in 1844 when Morell Mackenzie and William Sweetser founded “the American Journal of Insanity.” They later changed its name to the “American Journal of Psychiatry”.


The DSM-5 has been the latest revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders, published by the American Psychiatric Association. This manual diagnoses mental disorders in order to provide treatment options. It includes all psychiatric conditions that are legitimate medical diagnoses according to general consensus among psychiatrists; it also provides diagnostic criteria (symptoms) for these disorders. They have made many changes since previous versions of this book due largely to new research findings or evolving cultural attitudes towards certain mental illnesses. If you take interest in learning more about how psychiatry affects society, read on!

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